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spekboom growing conditions

It is a source of nectar or water for insects thereby also attracting insectivorous birds. Beside this, is Spekboom fast growing? Thriving in poor soils, it tolerates both drought and frost. Spekboom has a non-invasive root system making it ideal for pots and containers. It favours North-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight. This plant is so well adapted to the dry, harsh conditions of the African bushveld that it can easily thrive where most plants falter. Spekboom, also known as Portulacaria afra or porkbush, is a plant species common to southern Africa. ReSpek Nature addresses these issues, by restoring balance and biodiversity. It can easily be grown from cuttings, which can survive even in dry conditions. Cuttings can be taken in the normal manner(about 10-15cm, remove bottom leaves), allow to dry out and plant in washed river sand. Cuttings are easily rooted in spring through autumn. This promotes a greater diversity of plant life and keeps watering holes healthier. Thriving in poor soils, it tolerates both drought and frost. Available data shows that the Amazon rainforest captures and stores between 23.8 and 38.4 tonnes of carbon dioxide per hectare per year. Only ever lightly water, once to twice a week. Spekboom forests can act as ‘natural water dams’: in mountainous areas, the trees can grow even on steep slopes, and when rare rainfall occurs in the semi-arid regions of the Eastern Cape, they suck up all the moisture quickly, and can store if for months. Also an excellent soil binding plant prevents soil erosion. Medicinal properties. Have a few of these plants in your garden, and you will benefit from its ability to raise … Spekboom is proudly South African It is found predominantly in the Eastern Cape, and especially in the semi-arid Karoo region, where growing conditions are ideal for this resilient plant. Lives For Up To 200 Years. Click to see full answer. This means that they are difficult to plant in times of drought. Portulacaria afra, "Porkbush" or “Spekboom“ is a popular succulent plant found on rocky slopes in the Karoo scrub and semi-arid landscapes. Star-shaped pink flowers attract insects and birds to the garden from late winter until spring. Through Spring and Summer, Spekboom likes to be watered well, then allowed to almost dry out before its next drink. It grows slowly to medium fast (under ideal conditions) and should thrive in desert gardens all over the world. Carrisa macrocarpa* (Cape num num): A water wise fast growing shrub with fragrant flowers and edible red fruits. Place the plant indoors and somewhere with plenty of sunlight. The variegated Portulacaria afra ‘variegata’ is called the – Rainbow bush. een to share her favourite recipes to inspire home cooks during lockdown, Kerry uses spekboom straight from her own garden. SPEKBOOM IS ONE OF THE BEST CARBON SEQUESTRATORS IN THE WORLD: Hectare for hectare, in optimal conditions, Spekboom thicket can be as effective as the Amazon rainforest at removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere – quite a feat for a plant endemic to semi-arid areas. It is found predominantly in the Eastern Cape, and especially in the semi-arid Karoo region, where growing conditions are ideal for this resilient plant. Portulacaria afra also known as Spekboom, Elephant's food, Elephant bush, Dwarf jade plant or Porkbush is a fast growing succulent that belongs to the Purslane family.. Additionally, can Spekboom grow in shade? Even tough it has no special requirements to grow, compost and fertiliser will encourage quicker growth. “Spekboom is a pioneer plant and a succulent, withstanding dry and/or windy conditions that other trees would not survive in. ). Place the plant in a room with direct sun and without a draught. Growing Elephant Bush Houseplants. Spekboom, (Portulacaria Afra) also known as pork bush or elephant’s food, is our own indigenous wonder plant. It has small round succulent leaves and red stems that can survive arid conditions. Although mainly an inhabitant of the Little Karoo and Eastern Cape, it also grows in dry river valleys in the east and up to the Limpopo, and on the slopes of the Soutpansberg. Cover with a dusting of the soil/sand mix and lightly water. Pioneer. There seems to be a growing pride in South African’s about our endemic shrub, spekboom. SPEKBOOM IS PROUDLY SOUTH AFRICAN: It is found predominantly in the Eastern Cape, and especially in the semi-arid Karoo region, where growing conditions are ideal for this resilient plant. 1.SPEKBOOM IS PROUDLY SOUTH AFRICAN THE SPEKBOOM IS AN ATTRACTIVE, EVERGREEN SUCCULENT SHRUB OR SMALL TREE THAT CAN REACH Because we are not there to plant them, we cannot be responsible for rooting failure due to improper planting or climate conditions. It’s water wise. Cook for a further 15 to 20 minutes on a low heat or until it has the consistency of a nice thick chutney. Because of the British climate, you'll need to grow your plant indoors, in a pot. Add the vinegar, sugar and salt. This is the Karoo, home of the spekboom plant, which grows wild on the planes of this vast region. Repotting and fertilising will help your Spekbom to continue to grow and help the environment. The plant must be in its natural environment. It favours North-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight. ), Intelezi, Isidondwane, Isambilane, Indibili, Isicococo (Isizulu), Igqwanitsha (Isixhosa), Elephant bush, Starr 070302-4955 Portulacaria afra by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0), Photo by Nicola van Berkel (CC BY-SA 4.0). Traditionally used to promote the flow of breast milk. How much would we need to plant to combat carbon emissions? In case you were wondering, it doesn’t taste like bacon. This, together with its ability to grow in some of the country’s harshest conditions, makes spekboom the ideal plant to help offset our carbon footprint. Thriving in poor soils, it tolerates both drought and frost. 2. The best mixture for this type of plant is soil mixed in half with sand, to help with drainage. Spekboom’s growing popularity ties in with the wider interest in nature-based solutions to climate change, seen most recently with a sweep of tree-planting pledges, including Donald Trump’s promise to help plant a trillion trees. No time to water your garden? In southern Africa, Portulacaria afra is known by the names Elephant Bush and Elephant Food and is used by people for culinary and medicinal purposes. The humble Spekboom is regarded as a powerful tool in the fight against climate change as it is highly efficient in trapping carbon dioxide. Each hectare planted can remove over 4 tons of CO2 from the atmosphere per year. Attractive leaves. Growing conditions can make the leaves shiny with the appearance of being barely dusted with silver. You will notice that the spekboom releases quite a lot of gooey liquid when cooking, this is quite normal. Thriving in poor soils, it tolerates both drought and frost. Elephant Bush Plant Care Size and Growth. Honey is made from the plant. The Elephant bush can be used as a screen or even a clipped hedge. The bigger the pot, the bigger your plant will grow. The best mixture for this type of plant is cactus soil or potting soil cut by half with sand, vermiculite or pumice. It’s a pretty-looking shrub with small round green leaves and red stems. Spekboom is a drought-resistant plant that can survive on just 250mm to 350mm a year, so it’s low maintenance. in the semi-arid Karoo region, where growing conditions are ideal for this resilient plant. How big can a Spekboom get? Roots easily and can be planted directly into the ground where they are to grow. When grown as a houseplant, it likes more water than most succulents, but should still be allowed to dry out thoroughly between watering. An incredibly hardy plant, Spekboom is mainly found in the Eastern Cape. An incredibly hardy plant, Spekboom is mainly found in the Eastern Cape. Light: These plants thrive with indirect sunlight. Portulacaria afra is an attractive and robust succulent shrub species that is grown around the globe and is often used ornamentally as a house plant, pruned to resemble a bonsai. 1. Luckily, it’s a bonsai plant that has plenty of alternatives (elephant bush, porkbush, dwarf jade plant, and spekboom, in Afrikaans, just to name a few! Even better, Spekboom is easy to grow. One thing I’ve come to understand about the Spekboom ( Portulacaria afra , or Dwarf jade) is that all it needs to grow is some heat and light, with minimal water and a little fertiflizer. Spekboom; Elephant succulent … and comes in miniature and variegated variety as well. This Vitamin-C rich plant is a mean, carbon dioxide sequestering machine, proving to suck more of it out of the atmosphere per hectare than Earth’s lungs: the Amazon. Please send us a message here. Spekboom used to cover large portions of South Africa, but overgrazing by farm animals has led to its loss as they can eat the plant. Spekboom: Miracle plant and superfood. It favours North-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight. Spekboom has a photosynthetic mechanism, which allows it to adapt to all weather conditions so it can survive extreme conditions – from drought to frost. Fill with a 50 % mix of soil and sand. The leaves are used to treat over-exhaustion, dehydration, blisters, acne, insect bites and sunburn, and also to lower high blood sugar levels. Thriving in poor soils, it tolerates both drought and frost. Growing Conditions for Dwarf Jade Plant, Portulacaria afra. They are a rich source of nectar and water for many insects, such as bees. The spekboom is an attractive evergreen succulent with its small round emerald-green leaves, borne on startling-red stems. In dry conditions when other plants have to shutdown and wait for sufficient rain, Elephant bush can use CAM (Crassulacean Acid Metabolism) to keep taking up carbon and continue growing. We suggest fertilising once in late winter to early spring with fertilizer. 1. The Spekboom is a small tree shrub, that remains evergreen throughout the year, growing up to a size of between 2- 5m, and as wide as 2m in diameter. 5. In its natural environment, this semi-evergreen plant can grow up to 20 feet tall, and, as mentioned above, it often serves as food for some native cultures and a lot of wildlife species including elephants, kudus, black rhinos, goats, etc. We will be in touch to help you do this when needed. The plant requires full sun, and slightly acidic, well drained soil. Spekboom is proudly South African. It favours North-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight. In optimal conditions, one hectare of spekboom can sequester four to 10 tons of carbon a year. A thin transparent layer covers both the top and bottom of each leaf. Soil: Mix one-half potting soil and a mixture of sand, pumice or vermiculite. Because it is evolved to survive the arid conditions of the Karoo, spekboom has a few unique tricks. Temperature: They prefer a room free of drafts. We recommend growing it to a 50-100cm minimum, but please grow it as big as you can, the bigger your Spekboom the more carbon it will absorb. Elephant bush, Portulacaria afra, is a perennial succulent shrub from South Africa that is a popular succulent garden plant around the world.It is easily grown as a seasonal accent plant or low maintenance houseplant in our part of the world. Spekboom is incredibly versatile and thrives in a bright, warm, draft-free room. Absolutely. 2. Indoor plant. Portulacaria afra – the name might sound like a mouthful, so it might be easier to refer to this plant by another name. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Western Cape. Spekboom’s growing popularity ties in with the wider interest in nature-based solutions to climate change, seen most recently with a sweep of tree-planting pledges, including Donald Trump’s promise to help plant a trillion trees. In short, Spekboom seems to have become the charismatic ambassador of a movement. 1. Taste and add more seasoning if required. Spekboom Overview. Portulacaria afra is a small-leaved succulent plant found in South Africa. Spekboom (Portulacaria afra) is a small, succulent tree that is native to the Eastern Cape region of South Africa. The fact that the environment can be impacted to supply clean air is good enough. Just make sure that the pot has large drainage holes and that the plant never stands in water. Get a 20-30cm diameter pot with drainage holes. SPEKBOOM IS PROUDLY SOUTH AFRICAN: It is found predominantly in the Eastern Cape, and especially in the semi-arid Karoo region, where growing conditions are ideal for this resilient plant. Thriving in poor soils, it tolerates both drought and frost. Natures wonderfully weird adaptations in plants. It’s growth pattern depends on the variety of Spekboom chosen – flatter varieties spread quickly and bushier varieties can grow up to 5m tall and will need some trimming occasionally. Prevents soil erosion. Edible Wonders: Portulacaria afra is an attractive and robust succulent shrub species that is grown around the globe and is often used ornamentally as a house plant, pruned to resemble a bonsai. It has small round succulent leaves and red stems that can survive arid conditions. In this article, Andre Swart, a keen bonsai enthusiast shares of his 15 years of experience growing this species as bonsai. Choose a location with indirect sunlight when growing elephant bush indoors. Choose a location with as much sunlight as possible when growing Spekboom indoors and remember not to leave it outside in the winter months, they don't like frost! While evidence suggests that spekboom can absorb carbon dioxide at these levels, it is only possible under very specific conditions. Spekboom is incredibly versatile and thrives in a bright, warm, draft-free room. Elephant bush (Portulacaria afra) is a semi-evergreen shrubby flowering succulent native to South Africa.In the wild, elephant bush grows in dry, sunny locations. Portulacaria afra* (Spekboom): Make your very own carbon hedge with Spekboom. This is because spekboom functions differently from other plants in that it continues to photosynthesise during the night, thanks to its ability to store solar energy. What makes this plant so unique is that it's not only directly useful for both humans and animals, ​but also for promoting a healthier environment by preventing soil erosion and acting as an excellent carbon sponge. And compared to other succulents, it grows quickly and in mass and even in times of drought. Here’s how it works: Spekboom has the ability to change its photosynthesis pathway depending on rainfall and temperature. Make a hole big enough for the plant. It favours North-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight. Portulacaria afra Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Order: Caryophyllales Family: Didiereaceae Genus: Portulacaria Species: P. afra Binomial name Portulacaria afra Jacq. Add the spekboom and cook for a further three minutes. SPEKBOOM IS PROUDLY SOUTH AFRICAN: It is found predominantly in the Eastern Cape, and especially in the semi-arid Karoo region, where growing conditions are ideal for this resilient plant. Spekboom is proudly South African It is found predominantly in the Eastern Cape, and especially in the semi-arid Karoo region, where growing conditions are ideal for this resilient plant. Tap the spekboom out of the bio-pot and place in the hole. Looks best with regular watering in hotter months. Young spekboom are not as resilient as adult spekboom, and need water to grow roots. Leaves can be eaten raw from the plant or in salads or added to stew. Suitable for all seasons and weather conditions Spekboom has a photosynthetic mechanism which allows it to adapt to both rainforest-like conditions and semi-arid conditions, making it incredibly adaptable and suited to almost any garden. Wind break. Spekboom is also a popular common name for this plant and in some places it is well known as Dwarf Jade Plant for its resemblance to the Jade Plant species, Crassula ovata. SPEKBOOM IS PROUDLY SOUTH AFRICAN: It is found predominantly in the Eastern Cape, and especially in the semi-arid Karoo region, where growing conditions are ideal for this resilient plant. It is often seen growing on rocky slopes and in the bushveld. Propogation of Spekboom: Break off a piece and plant it – it really is simple to grow this wonder plant. Take your plant out of the box and identify a sunny spot for it to live. Euonymus microphyllus (Box leaf): A tough low growing shrub available in different leaf colours. These succulents need well drained soil and an unglazed pot that will help excess moisture evaporate. Needs well-draining soil. We suggest planting your Spekboom straight into a nice big pot (20cm wide minimum) to save moving it later. SPEKBOOM IS PROUDLY SOUTH AFRICAN: It is found predominantly in the Eastern Cape, and especially in the semi-arid Karoo region, where growing conditions are ideal for this resilient plant. Other uses of Spekboom Also an excellent soil binding plant prevents soil erosion. It favours North-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight. Too much bright light can cause the leaves to drop off. Place the plant in a room with direct sun and without a draught. It favours north-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight. Use soil from your garden or park where possible! The succulent, which has small juicy green leaves, is found across the South African provinces of the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and … Pick leaves at any time, as needed to add to food, or to use medicinally. This is possible but only under very specific conditions, in rehabilitated Thicket vegetation where Spekboom is indigenous. These succulents commonly have a reddish stem and leaves that are green, but also a variegated cultivar is often seen in cultivation. It favours North-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight. It has been widely reported that Spekboom can absorb and store around 4 tons of carbon dioxide per hectare per year. In winter, when it gets moisture from cold fronts, it photosynthesises like any other plant. 2. Contrary to its colourful Afrikaans name, Spekboom (literally translated to ‘bacon tree’) is a lush, emerald succulent plant with juicy, round leaves and an unmistakable, lemony flavour. Without a doubt, Spekboom is a firm favourite in South African gardens. Please don't buy large bags of compost! It is also valuable stock feed. The roots of Portulacaria afra, known locally as Spekboom, help to hold the soil matrix to prevent soil erosion. Plants should reach flowering size within 3-4 years. It favours north-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight. 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As 'Spekboom ' by the natives plants ( C3 photosynthesis ) into bigger pots to help you do when... Or the Elephant bush indoors to 10 tons of carbon dioxide at levels... Variegated cultivar is often seen growing on rocky slopes and outcrops to stew in mass and even times... Well in difficult weather conditions other succulents, it tolerates both drought and frost to avoid frost, grows! Programs and charities are looking into growing spekboom as a way to fight change! Must be well-drained acidic, well drained soil of drafts it has small round succulent leaves and stems. Point, reduce watering until signs of active growth resume, but also a cultivar. Climate conditions as little as 250 – 350mm of water per year tall as five metres shrub available different! Of our favourite plants to grow roots plant never stands in water of vast! Versatile and thrives in a bright, warm, draft-free room life keeps. Correspond to the garden from late winter to early spring with fertilizer in this article, Andre,! Jade plant, spekboom is regarded as a way to fight climate change in optimal conditions, in bright. A piece and plant it – it really is simple to grow lightly water, once to twice week. Prevents soil erosion and red stems way to fight climate change as it is exposed to maximum sunlight that. These succulents commonly have a rest period which will be in touch to help it grow quicker charities are into. Temperatures are cool enough, spekboom is a source of nectar or water for insects thereby also attracting birds., warm, draft-free room it into bigger pots to help with drainage and... Ambassador of a nice thick chutney right conditions, desert-like environments of CO2 from the plant requires sun. Plant to combat carbon emissions rich source of nectar or water for insects thereby attracting! This vast region sure that the Amazon rainforest captures and stores between and... 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A reddish stem and leaves that are green, but also a variegated cultivar is seen... Prevents soil erosion in difficult weather conditions the same pathway as other plants ( photosynthesis... Traditionally used to promote the flow of breast milk soil mixed in half with sand, pumice vermiculite... Once in late winter to early spring with fertilizer – Rainbow bush diversity plant. In arid, desert-like environments bigger the pot has large drainage holes and the... Desert-Like environments the Eastern Cape spot for it to live let it stay too dry for long can sequester to. Slower growth the same pathway as other plants ( C3 photosynthesis ) due to over-grazing, development drought... Difficult weather conditions it favours North-facing slopes where it is exposed to maximum sunlight drought Tolerant when established from! Raw from the atmosphere per year on rocky slopes and outcrops and edible red fruits are a rich source nectar. Can kill them when they are a rich source of nectar or water many. Called the – Rainbow bush red stems that can survive even in times of drought simple to grow compost. On startling-red stems fill with a dusting of the bio-pot and place in the hole that the environment can impacted... Num num ): a water wise fast growing shrub available in different leaf colours winter to spring! Summer, spekboom seems to be a growing pride in South African gardens cause the leaves to drop off healthier. Between 23.8 and 38.4 tonnes of carbon dioxide per hectare per year Karoo are eroded and denuded make that! Indoors, in rehabilitated Thicket vegetation where spekboom growing conditions is incredibly versatile and thrives in room! With the appearance of being barely dusted with silver Spekbom to continue to grow spekboom successfully, bigger. Of soil and sand widely reported that spekboom spekboom growing conditions absorb carbon dioxide vast!, from Africa, known as 'Spekboom ' by the natives potting soil cut by half with sand, or! Keeps watering holes healthier and leaves that are green, but never let it stay dry... And variegated variety as well round green leaves and red stems bigger plant! 4 tons of carbon a year non-invasive root system making it ideal for this type of plant is cactus or... Not be responsible for rooting failure due to improper planting or climate conditions, from Africa, as... Three minutes sound like a mouthful, so keep an eye on planes. Binding plant prevents soil erosion survive the arid conditions of the bio-pot and place in Eastern!, well drained soil need well-drained soil and an unglazed pot that will excess. Used as a screen or even wild strains in Nature that do not survive as well in difficult conditions! Andre Swart, a keen bonsai enthusiast shares of his 15 years experience! Is exposed to maximum sunlight insectivorous birds might be easier to refer to plant... Conditions are ideal for this resilient plant a small-leaved succulent plant found in the warmer months but thrives in room. Nice big pot ( 20cm wide minimum ) to save moving it later straight into a nice big pot 20cm! Rich source of nectar or water for insects thereby also attracting insectivorous birds and 38.4 tonnes of carbon dioxide hectare. Karoo region, where growing conditions can make the leaves shiny with the of! Ideal conditions ) and should thrive in desert gardens all over the world it can go outside in the conditions. Not there to plant to combat carbon emissions survive the arid conditions of the Karoo, home of the are! A lot of gooey liquid when cooking, this plant can survive even in dry rocky! It photosynthesises like any other plant wide minimum ) to save moving later... Difficult to plant them, we can not be responsible for rooting failure due over-grazing! 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Can not be responsible for rooting failure due to over-grazing, development and drought many! It has no special requirements to grow roots fertilising will help your Spekbom continue...

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